Qiu Zhijie, Writing the "Orchid Pavilion Preface" One Thousand Times, 1990-94. Installation with video documentation and Ink-on-paper calligraphy, approx 29x70 inches.
In this, Zhijie writes a famous piece of calligraphy a thousand times on the same piece of paper, which gives the end result of a completely black block of ink. It is the process which created the end result that gives the uniform black block meaning and content. For a more detailed view, go here.